THE HIDDEN FACTS ABOUT MONKEY KOLA
The Monkey kola, is a tasty, juicy and healthy fruit that is about to become extinct.
Inasmuch as monkey kola taste nice, it also requires attention through the awareness of its nutritional / health benefits.
It is a perennial tree grown in the forest of West and Central Africa, but is also found in homes and villages.
In Nigeria, the fruit pulp is eaten by humans and some wild animals (primates in particular) such as monkeys, baboons and other species.
The ripe pulp is crunchy and sweet with a moderate calorie of 65 calories / 100 grams of fruit pulp. This makes its consumption ideal for all age groups even if the demand for this fruit from people tends to decrease, compared to other fruits such as the garden egg, cucumber, banana etc.
However, Monkey kola exists in three varieties: red, yellow and white. The yellow specie is the most commonly found in local markets, usually between June and November.
Botanical Name: Cola Lepidota K. Schum (yellow species)
Ibibio / Annang / Efik: Ndiyah
Igbo: Achicha, Ochiricha
English Name: Monkey kola
NUTRITIONAL ADVANTAGES OF NDIYAH (MONKEY KOLA)
Monkey kola also known as Ndiyah has a substantial amount of amino acids (essential and non-essential) and vitamins. It also has mineral elements that are useful for the maintenance of the body.
The essential amino acids (EAA) are protein substances that can not be produced by the body, therefore derived from food.
The following are the amounts of amino acids that are constituted in a 100g fruit pulp of ndiyah and its specific bodily functions.
1. Lysine: 2.9g, produces the nutrient “carnitine” responsible for converting fatty acid into energy.
2. Valine: 3.59 g, stimulates muscle metabolism, tissue repair and slso nitrogen body balance.
3. Threonin / Methionine: 2.61 g / 0.59 g for protein synthesis.
4. Histidine: 1.3 g, Helps in protein formation.
5. Isoleucine: 1.8 g, Helps the body recover from intense physical activity.
6. Leucine: 3.81 g, regulates the blood sugar level, helps in the production of growth hormones.
7. Phenylalanine: .08g produces brain chemicals (neurotransmitter) including epinephrine, dopamine, etc., Same function as tyrosine.
Non-Essential Amino Acids (NEAA) are protein substances that can be produced by the body.
1. Arginine: 3.6 g, changes to nitric acid which helps to relax blood vessels by improving circulation.
2. Aspartic acid: 5.65 g, synthesizes other amino acids Also helps in the production of hormones (testosterone) and plays a role in ovulation and menstrual cycle.
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3. Cystenine: 0.97 g, detoxifies harmful toxins and protects the body from radiation damage.
4. Serine: 3.0 g, play functions in RNA, DNA and also maintains a healthy immune system.
5. Proline: 3.5 g for molecular recognition, in particular intracellular signaling.
6. Glutamic acid: 6.11 g, promotes healthy brain development and functions.
7. Glycine: 2.5 g, maintains healthy central nervous system
8. Tyrosine: 1.49, produces brain chemicals (neurotransmitter) including adrenaline, dopamine etc.
9. Alanine: 2.6 g, maintains the glucose-alanine cycle between tissues and the liver.
EAA: 19.68 g, NEAA: 29.33 g. Therefore the total proteins in the fruit pulp of the 100 g cola monkey are about 49.10 g.
EAA and NEAA greater than 0.5 g indicate a useful source of food protein, so this reveals that monkey kola is highly rich in protein.
Although proteins from plant sources tend to have relatively lower concentrations of protein than the animal source, they are complete because they contain at least a traceable amount of essential amino acids in human nutrition.
Vitamins are minor but significant organic compounds required in food for metabolism, normal body growth and to combat specific vitamin deficiency disorders.
However Monkey cola has a minimum amount of 100 g vitamins in pulp
Vitamin A – 0.0002mg,
Vitamin B1 – 0.24mg,
0.12 mg – Vitamin B2,
Vitamin B3 – 0.93 mg,
Vitamin B5 -0.4mg,
0.23 mg – Vitamin B6,
Vitamin B9 – 0.17 mg,
Vitamin C – 6.4 mg,
5.93 mg – Vitamin E,
Vitamin K1 -0.0012 mg.
However, the mineral elements include sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium, manganese, zinc, iron.
A fruit is not enough to be defined good, but the analysis of nutritional benefits proves it.
With these research analysis, it has been confirmed that Monkey cola consumption is very helpful to the body.