Pastries are mixtures of flour, water and a shortening that can be tasty or sweetened. Sugary pastries are often described as sweets by bakers.
The word “pastry” suggests many types of baked products made with ingredients like flour, sugar, milk, butter, shortening, yeast and eggs.
There are five basic types of pastry (a food that combines flour and fat);
These are shortcrust pastry, filo pastry, choux pastry, flaky pastry and puff pastry.
Two main types of pastry are non-laminated, when the fat is cut or rubbed into the flour and laminated that is when the fat is repeatedly folded into the mixture using a technique called lamination. An example of non-laminated pastry would be a cake or a tart and a brioche. An example of laminated pastry would be a croissant, Danish or puff pastry.
Many pastries are prepared using shortening, a fatty food product that is solid at room temperature, whose composition lends itself to create crumbly short pastry and short pastry crusts.
What is The Difference Between Cake and Pastry?
Cake and pastry, both are baked goods and are made of flour. The cake is generally prepared with a mixture of flour, sugar, eggs and butter or oil. While the pasta, usually a sweet desert, essentially includes a solid fat at room temperature.
Can Donuts Be called Pastries?
In my opinion, donuts are not a short pastry because, like a cake, they are made of a batter and not a paste. The basic ingredients of the donuts are the same as other flour-based products, but with a higher liquid component.
For me the best form of pastry is a mixture of flour, yeast and fat and the donut contains everything.